Construction employment increased in 45 states and the District of Columbia from April to May, rebounding after an April where nearly one million industry jobs were lost nationwide. The gains between April and May could be short-lived, though, according to an analysis of government data by the Associated General Contractors of America (AGC).

“The widespread uptick in construction employment in May is welcome news following a month in which industry employment shrank in all but one state,” Ken Simonson, chief economist for the AGC, said in a news release. “Our association’s latest survey shows many firms have been recalling or adding employees in recent weeks, thanks in part to the rapid receipt of Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) loans.”

Despite the recovery in jobs, Simonson said only about one-fifth of firms reported winning new or expanded projects in the latest AGC survey. Additionally, one in four contractors reported projects slated for June or later have been canceled.

Pennsylvania experienced the strongest gains in construction jobs in pure numbers on a month-over-month basis, while Michigan experienced the largest percentage increase in industry jobs. Hawaii lost the largest number and highest percentage of construction jobs between April and May.

On a year-over-year (YOY) basis, only 12 states added construction jobs, according to the AGC. Utah added the most construction jobs in pure numbers between May 2019 and May 2020, while South Dakota experienced the largest percentage increase in construction jobs in the past 12 months. New York has lost the most construction jobs in pure numbers YOY, while Vermont experienced the largest percentage decline in construction employment from May 2019 to May 2020.